Strategic thinking

Fighting COVID-19 – Let’s work the problem

We are all exposed to COVID-19 and its multiple types of implications. So, let’s use the wisdom of crowds to map out all the things that we—people (individuals and families), hospitals (and other healthcare organizations), other orgs (companies, non profits), and governments—can do to fight this thing.

I’m developing a how map that lists all the actions that these actors can take to eradicate COVID-19.

If you have ideas, please submit them in the comments below, and I’ll update the map daily over the next weeks.

Let’s work this problem!

Update from March 25. Want to do more? You can join a hackathon, such as the ones by Versusvirus and CodeVsCovid19.

Click below to see the latest version of the map:

Fighting COVID-19 2020-04-06

Thanks to contributors: Fabrizio De Notaris, Matteo Conti, Vlada Rey, Thibaut Decré, Adrien Duffournet, Leslie Farnsworth, Christos Cabolis, Albrecht Enders, Katharina Lange, Maude Lavanchy, Vincent Besse, Pierfrancesco Rosini, Sonia Klose, Joris Vanraak, Tania Baptista, Pierre Berthelot, Panos Kyrtatos, Niek ten Hove, Amadeus Beaujolin, Frédérique Grémeaux, Van Zell, Patrick Reinmoeller, Tamara Crouch, Van Zell.

Other useful links:

A critical element that we can all do is help share quality information and prevent the sharing of misleading information. The CDC has a useful list of facts about COVID-19 here.

The Center for Disease Control and Prevention’s COVID-19 page.

World Heath Organization’s COVID-19 page.

Johns Hopkins’ interactive map of global cases.

Worldometer’s tracking of cases by country.

Join the discussion 31 Comments

  • Fabrizio De Notaris says:

    In the other organisation prevention node, I would add testing employees. In the government prevention node, I would add “enforce initiatives to prevent propagation (i.e. social distancing / staying at home)”. Also, government should be aware of social repercussions which might translate in civil unrest.

  • Pro says:

    Hi professor,
    This is just a hint to fight the COVID19 outbreak and one that needs validation by experts.
    Since this we are talking about fighting, and in order to be as MECE as possible, I suggest that the branching of the tree be attack/defense oriented such as:

    ———-By attacking the disease
    ———-By limiting its impact as best as we can
    ———-By defending against it
    How to win the war on COVID19 ?

    ———-By attacking the disease
    ———-By Eradicating it
    ———-By defending against it

    Some of the solutions would be to aim for “herd immunity” and maybe “limited intentional infection”. I’m not definitely not confident about these tracks, but I made them up while having these underlying hypotheses:
    * We may soon pinpoint what exact attributes make COVID19 pass like a common cold in some patients (discover the recovery factors)
    * Anyone who survived the infection develops an immunity lasting at least 2 years or more
    * Vaccines will be available in 81 months

    Again, these are all exploratory tracks that have to be validated by experts.
    Thanks.

  • Chris Close says:

    Do we know if 3D files are readily available for ventilators?

    As I have colleagues who have multiple units and could supply some parts?

    The next question is where does he send said parts?

  • Maude says:

    Great initiative! Though this is not directly contributing to your mapping effort, I found the following interactive essay https://meltingasphalt.com/interactive/outbreak/ very helpful to understand and compare the general impact of different measures (e.g. travel bans, number of encounters, hospital capacity, etc.). The author uses simulations to build intuition around outbreaks and exponential growth.

  • Maude says:

    In a recent article in Wired, Tristan Harris (president and cofounder of the Center for Humane Technology) urged social platforms to “abandon the myth of neutral metrics and engagement, and restructure technology to prioritize this corrective lens that can help save millions of lives,” and made several suggestions on what these platforms could do to fight the pandemic. In particular, he suggested they could nudge their users to make life-saving choices (e.g. through personalized message for people in affected areas, or by “shaping social norms” like what Facebook did when it created its “voting button”) and/or create a more intelligent supply-demand coordination system (that matches users with the right local help with those in need, planning the medical supply chain, etc.). These actions could potentially help “reduce the desire or need to go outside” in the map.

    You can read the article mentioned here: https://www.wired.com/story/opinion-this-is-silicon-valleys-chance-to-step-up-for-humanity/

  • Natalia Olynec says:

    Make more masks available ….. By engaging civil tailors to sew masks at home

    not the best option but…. https://www.huffpost.com/entry/how-to-make-face-mask-coronavirus_l_5e78cb2fc5b6f5b7c5483e17

  • Natalia Olynec says:

    Maybe this should be topic of the MBA innovation week…

  • Joris says:

    Below some input from my side, some are easier than others

    – Apps like TraceTogether in Singapore for location tracking in informing/warning citizens on potential contact with an infected person. Apparently being opened up for other countries
    – Another solution would be overlays in existing (installed) apps like Google Maps to inform citizens what locations to avoid due to high risk of infection because of crowds
    – In some countries like in Poland they use technology to remotely monitor quarantined people
    – In multiple countries apps are being launched for citizens to share medical information and help them identify/diagnose their symptoms

    I’m keen to connect on this topic Mr. Chevallier & Mr. Enders. Please let me know how to further support.

  • Tânia says:

    What a great initiative, thank you very much for working on this and bringing the community together to problem solve.
    I would suggest another node on how do we navigate or prepare the future. There are lots of things we have already learned and more things that we will continue to learn. How do we ensure these learnings are recorded and incorporated to prevent future limitations? (assuming they are preventable). How do we ensure governments, businesses and societies incorporate this learnings to improve reaction to future calamities?
    I see a lot of people already tackling what his (in Portugal another example is Tech4COVID, currently running full steam, but many more exist in different countries) -how about if we also “inspire what could be”?
    Stay safe everyone!

    • Hi Tania,
      I agree that we should use this experience to navigate similar ones better in the future. But we purposely limited the scope to fighting this one instance as the map is already getting big enough. 🙂 We can always do another map later to capitalize on what we learned!
      Stay safe,
      Arnaud

  • Vince Polito says:

    Testing seems to be one of the biggest hurdles. Availability of test kits, cost, frequency of test etc which only confirm if the disease is present in someone showing symptoms rather than providing solid information of where the disease is located and how it is spreading. Most countries are enacting “rest in place” terms ranging for 2 weeks to 2 months. One of the identifying traits of the disease is a fever (high temperature). Thus Id props a three step approach, to gain insights into how imbedded the disease is in each community. Step 1 would be to have people check their temperature three times a day during the “rest in place” period. Most families have thermometers, and compared to a test kit, a thermometer can be reused over a multitude of times (across families member, multiple times a day, over an extended duration), at a very low cost – both manufacturing and distribution. For families that don’t have a thermometer in their home, this is where govt agencies and industry could step up and get these out into the community. Then, add to this (2) a cell phone app whereby people can upload regularly their temperature data of their family, which be coupled with their location, time/date, etc. Multiple data points per day per person will help correct for incorrect entry, or erroneous data. Finally (3) have this data centralized and using AI scan for the appropriate trends that will allow authorities to make informed decisions.

    This could give authorities key data, across a very large portion of their population, and be able to manage the disease, and control its spread, in a more proactive manner by providing wide scale situational awareness of their respective populations.

  • Pierre Berthelot says:

    Under the node “By hindering its propagation from things to people/By reducing contact with things outside of
    one’s home”, we could add that we can either:
    – modify “things” so that they do no longer necessitate contact with hands (for example elbow/motion actioned light switches or doors).
    – avoid using “things”
    Under the node “By reducing people’s ability to go outside”: based on early detection system (statistical approach based on GPS tracking of one-self crossed with Covid-19 infected people’s tracking), better targeted and stricter confinement. In other words, if I took the same elevator as my neighbour on Monday and he was detected Covid-19 on Tuesday, I should be strictly confined.

      • Pierre Berthelot says:

        Hi Arnaud, by the way, I could only find one action for “treating” the virus. However, there are many different approaches currently being explored, from vaccin to medicine. It is probably worth a node.
        I thought that the key question might need to be more precisely defined to spark more solutions. “Fight” is a broad word. Why not change it to “How can we minimize the number of death due to the Covid-19, in the short term (or mid term)”. Then timing (staging) becomes a consideration, also collateral deaths. For example, we should consider the impact on hunger and poverty in developing countries that have limited social systems. These might cause more deaths than the Covid-19 only. They would also affect more the active population.

        • Hi Pierre,

          Thanks for your comments; very insightful, as usual.
          I agree that we can treat Covid-19 in more ways than shown in the map, and I’ll gladly incorporate others, so keep them coming! 🙂
          I also agree that your question is more pointed. Fight is indeed a broad word, but that’s by design, because I wanted the map to address not just fighting on the health front but also on the economic and social ones.

  • Panos Kyrtatos says:

    Hello Arnaud,
    Very insightful representation of the options! thanks!
    Nevertheless I believe that tracking and testing for the virus has been underrepresented in the map; as is commonly known, South Korea has managed to curb the propagation through extensive testing and tracking of the virus, public information and confinement of cases, without excessive social distancing measures. While other countries might lack the infrastructure/foresight/preparedness/willingness/kits to do this at an early stage of the spread, it might be one of the few ways to relax the measures taken in the medium-term (absent of better treatment/cure etc.), while also avoiding further peaks in cases. Beyond direct testing, there are also options to monitor the spread indirectly thought self-reporting of symptoms (https://techcrunch.com/2020/03/25/self-reporting-app-for-covid-19-symptoms-for-uk-research-sees-650k-downloads-in-24-hours/) or as you mention in the map through wearable devices. although problematic from a data privacy standpoint, i believe that it should be included in the map, possibly as part of the “hindering its propagation from people to people” branch. do you agree?

  • Amadeus Beaujolin says:

    Hi Arnaud,

    First, great initiative and even more interesting while studying your courses during AMC!

    I am not sure exactly where to include this but I believe we need to setup adequate international coordination if we went to get this under control not only to manage the “pic” of the pandemic but also the long lasting management of a return to “normality” with the virus still active.

    Therefore I believe it is key to setup a “task force” at the European but also international levels with public faces that will lead this effort in order to implement coordinated actions (this will be even more crucial now that the virus is reaching the developing countries with no means to fight this) and give a different rhetoric to this problem by shifting the fight from national problems to an international one.

    Looking forward to the evolution of this map and even more to the resolution of this crisis.

    Stay safe!

    Best regards,

    Amadeus

  • Oh, I understand, thank you for clarifying!
    Yes, definitely!
    Stay safe,

    Tânia

  • Niek ten Hove says:

    What if we generate reliable home testing kits that give us the opportunity to gain more control as an individual. Potentially with the tracking app as mentioned before. This way we can enable healthy people to still meet without fearing to become sick. Furthermore, in case you have performed the test, your result can give positive/negative probabilities to untested people you met. This way we can locate individuals with high risk of being infected and placing them in self quarantine before they notice any symptoms.
    The idea behind the home test is not to only focus on the facts after performing the test, but also to take a lot of fear away with people that are scared and want certainty on their health state.

  • Tamara Crouch says:

    I’m not a scientist or medical professional…but here’s an idea: Can we design an antibody test to test saliva for Covid 19? If possible, maybe we could access all the DNA submitted to companies like 23&Me or Ancestry.com from say October 2019-March 2020 to see if anyone has antibodies? I know its not a cure-all, but think about it…the peak of that testing happens around the holidays because it is a common gift these days to give. It would give us a large, global specimen that was time specific.

  • CEDRIC DARDENNE says:

    [* Shield plugin marked this comment as “Trash”. Reason: Failed Bot Test (expired) *]
    Hi all,

    As no vaccine can be ready in short term the only way to stop it would be to have a high percentage of the population already contaminated and recovered.

    The challenge is to get there quickly without impacting vulnerable people and overload hospitals.

    Why not adding a branch for: «  accelerate contamination safely »?

    Then lot of idea to accelerate contamination could be discussed such as creating « home Self-contamination kits » that young / robust people could use to be contaminated and stay 15 days at home.

    And also How to incentive the people to use it such as : « get a blue card for Self-contamination completed allowing to avoid staying at home »

    Hope this will help to ideate further.

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